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مفهوم العائد على الاستثمار | اكاديمية التداول
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مفهوم العائد على الاستثمار

 

الاستثمار في معناه العام هو التضحية بمنفعة حالية نظير الحصول على منفعة أكبر في المستقبل. أو هو تأجيل استهلاك حالي للاستمتاع باستهلاك أكبر في المستقبل. وللحصول على تلك المنفعة الأكبر أو الاستهلاك الأكبر في المستقبل، فالمطلوب ان يحقق الاستثمار عائدا في المستقبل هو مقدار الإضافة أو الزيادة الممكنة في المبلغ المستثمر أو في الثروة المستثمرة. فالعائد إذن هو مقدار الفرق بين الثروة في بداية المدة وبين الثروة في نهاية المدة. ويقاس العائد عادة كرقم مطلق أو كنسبة مئوية (معدل العائد على الاستثمار). فمعدل العائد على الاستثمار فهو النسبة المئوية لتلك الزيادة في المبلغ المستثمر (النسبة المئوية للزيادة في الثروة في نهاية المدة). بمعنى مقدار الزيادة في المبلغ المستثمر سنويا منسوبا إلى أصل المبلغ المستثمر.

 

ويتميز الاستثمار في الأوراق المالية بتحقيق نوعين من العوائد الأول هو التدفقات النقدية التي يدرها هذا الاستثمار كل فترة زمنية (وهو ما يسمى بالتوزيعات النقدية أو العينية في حالة الأسهم). والثاني هو العائد المتمثل في الزيادة التي تطرأ على قيمة المبلغ المستثمر في نهاية المدة (أسي عند بيع الورقة المالية) وتسمى بالأرباح الرأسمالية. وقد تكون هذه الزيادة سالبة أسي تحقق خسائر رأسمالية.

 

ويمكن قياس معدل العائد على الاستثمار في الأسهم بذات الأسلوب باستخدام المعلومات التالية:

 

1- قيمة السهم عند شرائه (قيمة الاستثمار في بداية المدة )

2- قيمة السهم عند بيعه (قيمة الاستثمار في نهاية المدة)

3- قيمة الأرباح الموزعة على السهم طوال فترة تملكه ويمكن استخدام المعادلة التالية لحساب

معدل الاستثمار في هذا السهم

4- معدل العائد = (سعر البيع سعر الشراء) + الأرباح الموزعة

                                              سعر الشراء

 

2 Responses on مفهوم العائد على الاستثمار"

  1. الأخ سالم،
    شكراً على سؤالك.
    سيتم شرح هذه المفاهيم بشكل مفصل في المقالات القادمة ان شاء الله.

  2. Profile photo of سالم سالم says:

    الرجاء توضيح وشرح “النوع الثاني من العوائد” من حيث الفرق بينه وبين النوع الأول

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