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تحمل المخاطر لحملة الأسهم والسندات | اكاديمية التداول
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تحمل المخاطر لحملة الأسهم والسندات

 

تختلف المخاطر التي يتعرض لها حملة السندات وهم المقرضين للشركة عن تلك التي يتعرض لها حملة الأسهم وهم مالكي الشركة. كما تختلف قدرة كل منهم على تحمل هذه المخاطر والحد منها. فمن حق حملة السندات، طبقا للقانون المنظم للشركات، تكوين جماعة واختيار من يمثلهم لدي إدارة الشركة، ليتولى مهمة الحفاظ على حقوق حملة السندات ومصالحهم المشتركة. ويكون ممثل الجماعة الحق في تمثيلها أمام القضاء بما يضمن التزام الشركة بشروط القرض والالتزام بسداد فوائد القرض وأصله في المواعيد المقررة. ويعتمد حملة السندات على التقارير التي تصدرها مؤسسات تقييم السندات وتحديد قدرة الشركة المصدرة للسند (الشركة المقترضة) على جدارتها الائتمانية والوفاء بديونها.

 

أما حملة الأسهم – أصحاب حقوق الملكية في الشركة – فهم أصحاب القرار فيها، ويتوقف نجاح الشركة أو فشلها على قدرة هؤلاء المساهمين على إدارة الشركة طبقا للأصول الفنية والمالية والقانونية السليمة. فطبقا لقدرة المساهم على ممارسة حقه في الإدارة تتحدد رغبته في الاستثمار في هذه الأداة المالية وعليه فليس من المتوقع ان يقبل المستثمر على استثمار مدخراته في الأسهم، وبالتالي لتحمل المخاطر فى حالة ميله إلى تفضيل المضاربة على الاستثمار طويل الأجل. وجدير بالذكر ان هناك تضاربا واضحا بين رغبة المستثمر وأهدافه الاستثمارية من ناحية، وبين طبيعة الاستثمار في الأوراق المالية ووظيفة السوق التمويلية إذا لم يلتزم المستثمر بالأصول المرعية وبأسس الاستثمار في سوق الأوراق المالية.

 

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